Stroke is referred to as cerebrovascular accident in medical terms. In usual circumstances, a constant stream of blood is supplied continuously through every part of the body organs, making sure of sufficient oxygen and glucose to our body cells. When the supply of oxygen and glucose is disrupted to the brain that hit the minimum threshold, stoke is likely to be resulted, which also cause irrevocable damage to the brain cells.

Types and Causes of Stroke:

The primary reason of stoke is blocked artery. This is usually resulted by a clot which subsequently causes a drop in the level of blood supply to the artery system of human brain. Blockage in the artery would curtail the oxygen or glucose supply to all parts of the brain. What happens next is that cells of affected brain region would be deprived of oxygen or glucose, and ultimately be lead to death. It is known that high blood cholesterol is often responsible to puncture the inner wall of small blood vessels which progressively leads to a clot. The common factors for this type of clot are high cholesterol level in the body, high blood pressure, smoking and diabetes.

Another variation of stroke comes in the form of embolic stroke. It describes a condition whereby a piece of cholesterol and calcium gets deposited onto the walls of an artery or in the region of the human heart. The supply of blood to the brain would get progressively less, and ultimately stopped eventually result a stroke. Some other forms of strokes are cerebral hemorrhage, subarachnoid hemorrhage, vacuities and migraine headaches. Vacuities stroke is probably the least observed variation; this is the stroke that is caused by inflammation of the blood vessels.

Stroke Treatment

TPA or the tissue plasminogen activator is commonly used to treat stroke. The drug is helpful in dissolving the clot found in the artery, thus reducing the likelihood of stokes. Due to its potency, the use of this drug is highly restrictive and it is only administered under monitor. For maximum effect, TPA should be the first option to deal with blood clot, before any other complication could set in, and it is usually administered through injection in the vein of an arm. As precautionary measure, always exercise care whenever this drug comes into the equation.

Heparin and aspirin represent two effective medications that can help to dilute the density of the blood. They are generally recommended for stroke patients as they are often regarded effective to help accelerate the recovery of patients. Nevertheless, it is important to conduct some background checks such as medical history and intensity of stroke to make sure of safety use. Since there are more strokes observed that are attributed to diabetes history, one effective preventive measure is to control one’s blood sugar level to attempt to diminish the chance of stroke.

Stroke obviously brings about severe damages to a human body. For this reason, the corresponding rehabilitation program invariably will include physiotherapy sessions - where a patient needs to go through re-learning process to regain the ability to speak or to swallow, and arms and hands movement. There are also specialized therapies that aim to enhance stamina and guide the patients to facilitate their everyday activities even after stroke attack.

This sort of coaching often takes place in patient rehabilitation hospital, general hospitals or at nursing faculty. The objective is to improve the functional capabilities of the stroke patients so that they could resume to lead a normal live. Such rehabilitation programs are usually advised by doctors according to the severity of attack.